Roasting coffee at home has become increasingly popular in recent years.
Instead of buying pre-roasted coffee, many are opting to take on the task themselves.
This allows them to control their coffee’s flavor, aroma, and strength.
In this blog post, we will cover the basics of coffee roasting at home, as well as the benefits of doing so.
5 Easy Steps To Roasting Your Own Green Coffee Beans At Home
Roasting coffee beans at home can be a fun and rewarding activity that allows you to customize the taste and aroma of your coffee.
Here are five easy steps to get started with roasting your own green coffee beans at home:
1. Decide on Your Roasting Space
The first step in roasting your own green coffee beans at home is deciding on your roasting space.
It’s essential to select a well-ventilated space, preferably outdoor, with no flammable objects nearby.
This measure is essential to ensure safety, especially since coffee beans tend to produce smoke during roasting.
It’s also necessary to choose a space with ample room to prevent accidents and ensure that you can move around without knocking over objects.
If you don’t have access to an outdoor space, you can choose a well-ventilated indoor space such as a garage or open kitchen with good airflow.
Another crucial factor to consider when selecting your roasting space is the roaster you will use.
Different roasting methods such as stove-top, air roasting, and drum roasting require varying amounts of space.
For instance, the air roasting method generates a lot of chaff, so you should choose a space that’s easy to clean.
Also, consider the type of equipment you’ll be using, and ensure that it fits into your roasting space.
For instance, if you’ll be using an air roaster, ensure that you have a power source nearby.
The goal is to select a roasting space that offers a safe, comfortable, and convenient environment.
Remember to prioritize safety when choosing your roasting space, and ensure that it meets the requirements of the roasting method that you will be using.
2. Bag Your Beans
Once you have sourced your green coffee beans and decided on your roasting space, the next step in DIY coffee roasting at home is to bag your beans.
Storing your beans correctly is integral to maintain their freshness and flavor.
Plastic bags are not ideal for storing green coffee beans as they do not allow airflow and can trap moisture, which results in mold growth.
Instead, use a paper bag or valve-sealed bag specifically designed for coffee storage.
These bags allow the beans to release carbon dioxide and prevent oxygen from entering the bag, which aids in retaining flavor and freshness.
Before bagging your beans, ensure that they are cool and dry.
Remove any debris or foreign matter and place the beans into the bag, leaving some room at the top for the beans to expand.
Seal the bag by folding down the top and securing it with tape or a clip.
It is recommended that you label your bags with the date of purchase and origin of the beans.
This information provides valuable context when it comes to deciding on a roast profile and brewing your coffee.
Green coffee beans can remain fresh for up to a year when stored correctly.
It is crucial to avoid exposing the beans to direct sunlight, moisture, and extreme temperatures.
Store the bags in a cool, dry place, such as a pantry or cupboard, away from any strong odors.
Proper storage of your green coffee beans ensures that the flavors and aromas are preserved for brewing later.
Besides, it allows you to purchase beans in bulk and save money instead of continuously buying pre-roasted coffee.
3. Choose Your Roasting Method
After bagging your green coffee beans, the next step is to choose your preferred roasting method.
There are three main types of coffee roasting methods: air roasting, drum roasting, and stove-top roasting.
Each method has its own unique benefits and drawbacks, and your choice will depend on factors such as personal preference, access to equipment, and desired flavors.
Air Roasting: This method is considered the most modern and technologically advanced.
It involves forcing hot air onto the beans through a chamber to roast them evenly.
Air roasting is faster than other methods, allowing for more controlled roasting and consistent flavors.
However, it requires specific equipment, which can be expensive, and may produce less flavorful coffee.
Drum Roasting: Commonly used in specialty coffee shops, drum roasting involves using a rotating cylindrical drum to heat the beans via convection.
This method produces a more complex and full-bodied coffee flavor, but it also requires more time and attention.
Additionally, the drum must be cooled between batches to ensure consistent heat.
Stove Top Roasting: Considered the oldest and most traditional form of coffee roasting, stove-top roasting involves using a pan or skillet on a stovetop to roast the beans.
While this method can produce high-quality coffee, it requires constant attention and care to avoid burning the beans.
It’s a more accessible option, as it doesn’t require specialized equipment, but it can be challenging for beginners.
4. Get Your Roast On
Now that you have chosen your preferred roasting method, it’s time to get your roast on!
Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you roast your own coffee beans at home:
Step 1: Measure Your Beans
The first step is to measure the green coffee beans you’ll be roasting.
You’ll need about 1/2 cup of beans to make a cup of coffee, but you can adjust the amount according to your preference.
Step 2: Preheat Your Roasting Equipment
It’s important to preheat your roasting equipment to ensure even heat distribution.
If you’re using an oven, preheat it to 475°F.
If you’re using a stove or a popcorn popper, heat it to high.
Step 3: Add Your Beans to the Roasting Equipment
Carefully add your measured beans to your chosen roasting equipment.
Make sure not to overload it, as the beans will expand during roasting.
Step 4: Watch and Listen for the First Crack
As the beans roast, they will begin to make a popping sound.
This is known as the first crack, typically occurring between 9-12 minutes of roasting.
Keep an eye on the beans and listen for the first crack.
Step 5: Decide on Your Desired Roast Level
Depending on your preference, you may stop roasting the beans at any time during or after the first crack.
The longer you roast the beans, the darker they will become, and the more pronounced their flavor will be.
Use your senses and intuition to decide when they’ve reached your preferred roast level.
Step 6: Cool the Beans
Once you’ve finished roasting your beans, quickly transfer them to a cooling tray or a colander.
Gently stir them to cool them down and remove any chaff.
Step 7: Let Them Degass
After roasting, your coffee beans will release gas as they cool down.
It’s important to let them degass for 12-24 hours before storing or brewing.
This helps to enhance the flavor and aroma of your coffee.
5. Cooling & Degassing Your Beans
Congratulations, you’ve just roasted your own coffee beans at home!
Now that you’ve completed the roasting process, it’s equally important to properly cool and degass your beans before storing or brewing them.
Why do you need to cool your beans?
Roasted coffee beans are incredibly hot when removed from your chosen roasting equipment.
If you seal them in an airtight container, the residual heat could continue cooking the beans even after they have been removed from the heat source.
This can lead to unwanted qualities in the final brew.
To properly cool your beans, you can quickly transfer them to a cooling tray, a colander, or simply spread them out on a baking sheet.
As the beans cool, you can stir them gently to ensure an even cooling process and remove any chaff that may have remained on the beans during roasting.
The next step is degassing your beans. As the beans cool, they release gas that has built up during the roasting process.
If you store or brew the beans immediately after roasting, the trapped gas will compromise the quality of your coffee.
Let your beans degass for 12-24 hours after roasting before storing or brewing them.
During degassing, the carbon dioxide (CO2) built up during the roasting process will escape, leaving behind rich flavors and aromas in your coffee.
If you’re impatient and can’t wait 12-24 hours, there are a few tricks to speed up the degassing process.
Firstly, you can transfer the beans to a container with a one-way valve that will allow the gas to escape while preventing oxygen from entering.
Alternatively, you can place the beans in a large paper bag and fold them over, allowing them to degass while also keeping oxygen out.
Now that your beans have been cooled and degassed, they are ready to be stored or brewed.
Be sure to store them in an airtight container in a cool and dry place away from light and heat.
With your newfound DIY coffee roasting skills and proper cooling and degassing techniques, you can enjoy homemade coffee’s rich and flavorful taste at its best.
Congratulations on successfully roasting your own coffee beans at home!
By now, you should have a deeper understanding of the roasting process and a greater appreciation for the rich and complex flavors that fresh roasted coffee can offer.
However, there is more to consider beyond just the roasting process.
Storing your freshly roasted beans is as important as the roasting process.
Once the beans have cooled and degassed, you must ensure they are properly stored to maintain their freshness and flavor.
To preserve the quality of the beans, it is crucial to store them in an airtight container that is kept away from heat, moisture, and light.
This will ensure that the oils and flavors in the beans stay intact for as long as possible.
Now that you know how to roast and store coffee beans, you can start experimenting with different roast levels and flavor profiles and even blend beans to create your perfect cup of coffee.
Take your time to explore and learn from the process, and don’t be afraid to experiment and try new things.
Incorporating your new coffee roasting skills into your daily routine can also make for a great personal hobby or even a small business venture.
You can share your knowledge with your friends, family, and customers and let them experience freshly roasted coffee’s rich and full-bodied taste.